Revised:  05/22/2008

Memo for May 23, 2005













New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health



To: Veterinarians

From: State Veterinarian Nancy E. Halpern, DVM

Date: May 23, 2005

Re: Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) Update


         As of May 23, 2005, Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) has been confirmed in New Mexico (Grant and Luna Counties), Arizona (Maricopa County), and most recently, Texas (Travis County). This has accounted for a total of 17 equine cases on 11 different premises. The most recent confirmation in Texas occurred after two horses traveled from Travis County, Texas to Yavapai County, Arizona on April 23rd. These horses returned to Travis County, Texas on May 10th with clinical signs of VS including ulcerations on the tip and central portions of the tongue, drooling, and crusty muzzles. All of the positive equine cases in the three states have been the New Jersey strain of VS virus. The infected premise has been placed under quarantine.


     New Jersey: All livestock (including horses), and wild and exotic animals, to be imported from states which have been identified as being affected with the contagious viral disease known as vesicular stomatitis must first obtain a permit for entry by telephone at (609) 292-3965 or by fax at (609) 777-8395 (weekdays, 8:45am to 4:45pm, eastern time).


     Permits will be granted only for those animals that are accompanied by an approved Certificate of Veterinary Inspection which includes a statement that:
  1. The animals have been examined and found free of evidence of vesicular stomatits;
  2. During the 30 days prior to shipment, the animals have not been within 10 miles of any premise on which vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed within 60 days;
  3. The animals have not been exposed to any animal which has been vaccinated with vesicular stomatits vaccine, of any kind, within the last 30 days; and
  4. The animals must have a negative test (CELISA, CF, SN) for vesicular stomatitis performed by an approved laboratory within 10 days of shipment.
     Animals imported into New Jersey under such a permit shall be automatically quarantined for 14 days, and shall be isolated from other livestock until the quarantine expires or the animals are released by the State Veterinarian or his/her representative.


     With the upcoming show and fair season, all livestock (including horses), and wild and exotic animals, originating from New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas, must be issued a permit prior to entry into New Jersey. In addition, New Jersey based animals that are traveling to New Mexico, Arizona, or Texas must have a negative test and be issued a permit prior to re-entry into New Jersey.


     If you observe livestock with suspicious clinical signs contact the New Jersey Division of Animal Health at (609) 292-3965 or USDA, APHIS, VS at (609) 259-8387. As a biosecurity measure, rubber or latex gloves should be used when handling potentially infected animals. Humans reportedly may contract VS and develop flu-like symptoms that can last four to seven days. Please call if you have any questions or concerns. For additional information on VS, please refer to the following APHIS webpage:


     Website: New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health





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