Revised:  05/22/2008

Memo for June 20, 2005













New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health



To: Veterinarians and Agricultural Related Industries

From: State Veterinarian Nancy E. Halpern, DVM

Date: June 20, 2005

Re: Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) Update: Vesicular Stomatitis Confirmed in Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas


         As of June 17, 2005, Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) has been confirmed in Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. All of the cases have been in horses although other livestock have been located on the various quarantined premises. Therefore all livestock traveling from these states must acquire a pre-entry permit prior to entering into New Jersey. This includes livestock that originally reside in NJ and travel to these states for shows, fairs, sales, races, etc.


     The most recent cases occurred in two horses that were taken on a pleasure ride on May 22nd in the southeast part of Utah along the Escalante River where the owner noticed an abundance of biting flies and insects. The owner first noticed the animals were sick a little over a week later on May 31st. On June 17, 2005, the National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) in Ames, IA, confirmed the finding of vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus (VS-NJ) in a horse residing in Garfield County, Utah. This is the first confirmed case of vesicular stomatitis in the State of Utah in 2005. Utah had no cases of vesicular stomatitis in 2004.


     The complement fixation (CF) test results showed that one of the sick horses had a four-fold increase in antibodies to VS-NJ in paired sera collected on June 6 and June 15. This meets the requirement for identification of the index case of vesicular stomatitis for a newly affected State. Serologic tests and virus isolation on a second horse with clinical signs consistent with VS on the premises are pending. There are nine clinically normal horses and two clinically normal sheep also present on the premises. The infected premises have been placed under quarantine.


     New Jersey:


     All livestock (including horses), and wild and exotic animals, to be imported from states which have been identified as being affected with the contagious viral disease known as vesicular stomatitis must first obtain a permit for entry by telephone at (609) 292-3965 or by fax at (609) 777-8395 (weekdays, 8:45am to 4:45pm, eastern time).


     Permits will be granted only for those animals that are accompanied by an approved Certificate of Veterinary Inspection which includes a statement that:

  • The animals have been examined and found free of evidence of vesicular stomatitis;
  • During the 30 days prior to shipment, the animals have not been within 10 miles of any premise on which vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed within 60 days;
  • The animals have not been exposed to any animal which has been vaccinated with vesicular stomatitis vaccine, of any kind, within the last 30 days; and
  • The animals must have a negative test (CELISA, CF, SN) for vesicular stomatitis performed by an approved laboratory within 10 days of shipment.
     Animals imported into New Jersey under such a permit shall be automatically quarantined for 14 days, and shall be isolated from other livestock until the quarantine expires or the animals are released by the State Veterinarian or his/her representative. If you observe livestock with suspicious clinical signs contact the New Jersey Division of Animal Health at (609) 292-3965 or USDA, APHIS, VS at (609) 259-8387. For additional information, go to





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