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Accident-Proofing Farms and Stables
Marjorie R. Margentino, Former Program Associate in Animal Science; Karyn Malinowski, Ph.D., Director of the
Equine Science Center; Sara R. Malone, Department of Animal Sciences
Revised July 2007
Fact Sheet #605
“Accident-proofing” your farm is one of the most important tasks you
will ever do. It takes a lot of time, effort and planning to ensure
that family, employees and visitors will be as safe as
possible. Brief visitors on what to expect on the farm, and do not
leave them unsupervised, to minimize the risk of accidents.
Unfortunately, no matter how well you and all those directly
involved in farm operations prepare, train and follow safe farm operation procedures, the farm
owner or manager always runs the risk of “unwanted visitors.” There are numerous reasons why
people wander onto farmland. Most people trespass for recreational or non-farming purposes such
as hunting, fishing, swimming and picnicking -- all of which usually take place without
permission of farm management. It is in the best interests of farm management to
discourage unwanted visitors, because they can be a liability.
This fact sheet will provide farm owners and managers with
information and ideas that will help management identify and eliminate “attractive nuisances” and
also help lessen the chance of unwanted visitors becoming injured on your farm.
- Signs should be posted around the perimeter of the farm, and at
all trails or roadways leading onto the property, stating that trespassing for any reason
is not permitted. The signs will discourage persons from entering farm property without
prior approval. Check with state and local authorities regarding type of signs and
proper distance between the signs.
- Equestrian area operators are now protected by the New Jersey
Equine Liability Law, pursuant to P.L. 1997, c. 287 and suggested signage should be
posted. For more information on the Equine Liability Law, and to purchase signs,
contact the New Jersey Horse Council, http://www.njhorsecouncil.com/.
- Fences around the perimeter of the farm are ideal, but are often
cost prohibitive. If fences are present, they should be in good repair. When wire or
cable is used for a gate closure, especially across a roadway, the wire or cable should
be clearly marked with flags, a sign or reflective markers.
- Livestock fencing should be secure, in good repair and of adequate
type and height for the livestock it is housing. If electric fence is in use, the
fence line should be marked with warning signs. Gates should always be closed and secured
with a chain and hook, and preferably with a padlock in areas where pastures are
not in direct sight of actively occupied buildings. Additional information on
choosing the correct type of fence can be obtained from Virginia Cooperative Extension
- Do not pasture animals such as stallions or bulls in areas that
are readily accessible to the public. Stud pastures should be visible to employees and in an
active area of the farm. Fencing should be adequate to house such animals.
- Ponds, wells, large stock tanks, drainage pits and lagoons should
all be fenced with locked gates to prevent entry to these areas. If fencing of a pond
or waterway is not feasible extra effort should be made to prevent the use of an
attraction (e.g. a boat or dock). If possible remove all boats from the water. Boats left in
the water should be chained to a secure post. Access areas to docks and dams should be
fenced with a locked gate to prevent entry onto these structures. Have rescue
devices by ponds or water sources in case of an emergency.
- Electrical switch boxes should be locked. High voltage areas need
to be securely fenced and posted with warning signs.
- Machinery buildings should be kept locked if possible. If a locked
storage area for machinery is not available, a special effort must be made to ensure
that keys are always removed from the ignition, brakes are locked on and wheels
blocked. Do not invite temptation from neighborhood children by leaving
all-terrain-vehicles (ATVs) or similar equipment available for use without permission or
- Hazardous passageways, hay drops, manure pits, etc., should be
properly fenced and maintained safely. Doors to haylofts should be secured and not
readily accessible to the public.
- Warning or Hazardous Area signs should be posted in all areas
where a potential hazard exists such as loading/unloading zones or places where augers
or high amounts of electricity are found.
- Chemical storage areas should be kept locked and warning signs
posted to alert emergency crews to the fact that the area is used to store chemicals
should an incident occur. (Refer to Rutgers Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet
FS320, “Storage of Pesticides & Their Containers,” for more detailed information).
- Care should be taken that all holes, pits and quarries are
properly filled, covered or fenced.
- Do not leave ladders or any other climbing device in fruit
orchards or other areas that may encourage people to climb.
- Should you permit hunting on the farm by yourself, family, friends
or an organized gun club, several precautions need to be taken. It is important that
everyone is familiar with firearm safety and hunting rules and etiquette.
Hunters should be advised of property boundaries and the proximity of all surrounding
structures (houses, schools, barns, roadways, riding/hiking trails, parks and
public grounds). Hunting stands in trees should not be readily accessible to children
who may come across them and try to climb up into the stand.
Take the time to walk around the farm and note areas of possible
problems. By correcting hazards you are taking an active part in helping to reduce the
number of unwanted visitors, injuries and lawsuits that can occur on your property.
- National Safety Council/Farm Family Insurance. Your Farm Safety
Is No Accident. 1990.
- New Jersey Statutes Annotated. Title 23-Fish and Game Laws.1999.
- State of New Jersey. P.L. 1997. Chapter 287. Approved January 8,
- Virginia Cooperative Extension. Fencing Materials for Livestock
Systems. Publication #442-131. 2003.
This publication was made possible in part by a grant from the
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Program on Agricultural Health
Promotion Systems for New Jersey.
© 2007 by Rutgers Cooperative Extension, NJAES, Rutgers, The State
University of New Jersey.
Desktop publishing by Rutgers Department of Communications. Revised: