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Agricultural Management Practices for Equine Operations

Everett Chamberlain, Donna Foulk, Margie Margentino, Bob Mickel and Michael Westendorf

Published 5/26/2004

Publication #E296


The purpose of this document is to establish generally accepted Agricultural Management Practices (AMP) for the various equine-related activities that may be associated with the operation of a commercial farm. These activities include: managing pastures and manure, constructing fences and shelters, determining farm stocking rates, controlling dust, maintaining arenas and training tracks, and organizing horse shows and special events.


Treatment of Equine Facilities in State Programs Designed to Protect Agriculture

Paul D. Gottlieb, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Land Use Policy & Ashley Cristelli, Student in Animal Sciences

Published 2005

Publication #E 301


This Extension bulletin reports the results of a telephone survey of eleven northeastern states conducted in the year 2004. All eleven states have state-level or local programs related to farmland preservation, farmland assessment and right-to-farm. Because these three programs confer substantial benefits on private businesses, questions of program eligibility are important—both politically and economically. This Extension bulletin summarizes the eligibility criteria for equine facilities for all three types of programs across the eleven states surveyed. We believe that examining the treatment of equine facilities across states can highlight diverse, often unstated, policy objectives, such as preservation of a food and fiber industry versus the protection of open space without regard to the nature of agricultural activity.


Trail Riding Etiquette for Horse Enthusiasts
Carey Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management & Janice Elsishans, Trails Representative, New Jersey Horse Council

Published 8/9/2005

Fact Sheet #370


When trail riding, everyone needs to be aware of not only safety concerns for the rider and the horse but also courtesy for other trail users. All safety precautions and tips on riding should be practiced. However, additional practices apply specifically to trail riding; be it individual or group, short or long distance, for fun, or for competition. These topics are covered in this fact sheet.



The Basics of Equine Behavior
Carey A. Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management

Published 7/22/2004

Fact Sheet #525


Ten Natural Survival Traits

The horse, a prey animal, depends on flight as its primary means of survival. Its natural predators are large animals such as cougars, wolves, or bears, so its ability to outrun these predators is critical. As humans, we need to understand their natural flightiness in order to fully understand horses.



West Nile Virus in Horses:
Frequently Asked Questions

Carey A. Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management; Wayne Crans, Ph.D., Research Professor in Entomology; and Jennifer Gruener, Graduate Assistant in Entomology.

Published 8/25/2004

Fact Sheet #526


Q. What is West Nile virus?

A. West Nile virus (WNV) is an old world mosquito-borne pathogen that appeared unexpectedly in the New York metropolitan area in the fall of 1999. The disease was first thought to be St. Louis encephalitis, a closely related mosquito-borne virus that is relatively common in the continental United States.



Are You "Stressing Out" Your Horse?
Carey Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management

Published 8/3/2005

Fact Sheet #656

What is Stress?

Stress is the body’s response to anything it considers threatening. For a horse this could be anything, including trailering and traveling, showing, poor nutrition, feeding at irregular times, changes in other routines, environmental toxins, interactions within their social environment, variations in climate, and illness.



Management of Old Horses

Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, Ph.D., dACVN, Extension Specialist in Equine Nutrition Science

Published 8/1993

Fact Sheet #715


As with humans, chronological age does not always match the aging process. By American Quarter Horse Association standards, a horse over 16 years old is “aged.” In studies by the author (Ralston, 1988, 1989) over 70% of horses over 20 years old had conditions which required special care though many were still serviceably sound. Indeed, many of these horses were still rideable or, in the case of stallions and mares, used for breeding. Age alone should not be a criterion for retirement or special management. However, if an aged horse has one or more of the problems in Table 1, it is a candidate for special care.



Questions Regarding Eastern Equine Encephalitis and Horses

Wayne J. Crans, Ph.D., Associate Research Professor in Entomology

Published 10/1/1993

Fact Sheet #737


Eastern equine encephalitis, commonly referred to as EEE, is a virus disease of wild birds that is transmitted to horses and humans by mosquitoes. New Jersey represents a major focus for the infection with some form of documented viral activity nearly every year.



The Horse Industry’s Responsibility to Animal Welfare

Karyn Malinowski, Ph.D., Dean of Outreach & Extension Programs

Reviewed in 2004 by Carey Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management

Fact Sheet #788


Recently there has been growing concern over the actions of animal rights activists as they pertain to the horse industry. While many animal rights actions may be illegal and based on emotion and not facts, they still occur and will continue to take place on an ever-increasing basis.



Winter Care for Horses

Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, Ph.D., dACVN, Associate Professor in Animal Science

Carey A. Williams, Ph.D., Associate Extension Specialist in Equine Management

Fact Sheet #1142


As days get shorter and the weather becomes cold and wet, there are many things to consider in order to maintain horse health and well-being throughout the long winter months. This fact sheet addresses the most common concerns regarding equine housing, health maintenance, nutrition and exercise in cold weather.



Metabolic Problems in the Horse: Sorting out the Diagnosis

Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, Ph.D., dACVN, Associate Professor in Animal Science

Carey A. Williams, Ph.D., Equine Specialist in Equine Management

Fact Sheet #1067


"Metabolic syndrome” (MS), Cushing’s disease, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and “glycemic indices” of feeds and foods have gotten a lot of attention recently in both the human and equine media. Before we can understand the equine syndrome(s) and how to treat them, we first need to define the terms and recognize the differences between horses and other species, such as humans and dogs.



To Blanket or Not To Blanket?

Nettie R. Liburt, MS, Animal Science Doctoral Student

Carey A. Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management

Fact Sheet #1081


As fall arrives and temperatures are cooling, many horse-people may be wondering if blanketing their horses is appropriate. The answer really depends on the individual horse, its physiology, shelter type, tolerance to cold and its activity schedule. Typically in early fall, horse’s coats get a little thicker. Despite even warm fall temperatures, horses naturally begin to grow more hair as the days get shorter. There are no scientific rules about what temperature a horse should have a particular blanket, but if one decides to do so, there are several things to consider.





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© 2009 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Items may be reprinted with permission from the
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The Equine Science Center is a unit of
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